More than a dozen Chinese halls were built in the early days of the "the Belt and Road" along the country's mark of Foshan
"Twilight drum and morning bell hometown love, Nanming's aspiration to be a true child"
these Chinese halls are "made in Foshan"
one day 300 years ago, Shiwan, Foshan, a ship full of ceramic vats, went to sea through Shakou, Shiwan, Lanshi and Huangpu in Guangzhou. This kind of ship has a typical logo, that is, three large masts erected high. Its power depends on the wind. Foshan people call it "big eyed chicken". The sailboat loaded with ceramics set out in the autumn without typhoon, and finally arrived in southern Vietnam and even Nanyang countries. After the unloading transaction, it will rest for half a year, and then return to the Pearl River Estuary and Foshan along the monsoon after the wind direction changes in the spring of the next year. Foshan ceramics is the most common in Southeast Asian countries. Foshan "three cookers" - rice cookers and porridge 2 After the product equipment is in place, the pot and medicine pot are most popular with local people
one day at the end of July 2019, Lu Yaonan, vice president of Suicheng guild hall in Ho Chi Minh City, made an introduction in fluent Cantonese to Liu Menghan, a research team in Shiwan, Foshan. In the surrounding local neighborhoods of Vietnam, when hearing the arrival of Foshan people who spoke Cantonese, they took the initiative to pay tribute. In the new round of research and discussion, Shiwan ancestors went to Vietnam to build kilns and pottery there. They not only built Guangfu guild hall, but also contracted to build more than ten guild temple buildings around Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, including Fuzhou guild hall and East Guangdong guild hall
the imprint of Foshan in the early countries along the "the Belt and Road" the emergence and development of Shiwan tile ridge is closely related to the folk custom of building a large number of ancestral halls in the Pearl River Delta in the Qing Dynasty. In the past, Lingnan folk "had ancestral halls, big and small, and replaced them with Hall structures, which were high in Magnificence", "ancestral halls were built in the township, and each tree and stone were extremely selected, and those who were building them at the beginning sought magnificence, so as to be filial and respectful". Among the existing Shiwan tile ridges in the Pearl River Delta, the ancestral temple museum is the most intact and of current historical value. Careful observation can even find that there are many scenes of these ceramic ridge decorations, which reflect the reality of social life at that time, especially the arcades prevalent in Lingnan and Western architectural style houses, are evidence that the Pearl River Delta region has become the forefront of cultural exchanges between China and the West in the history of low density
many passwords for the output of Foshan ceramic industry are left on the tile ridges of these halls. For example, on one of the tile ridges of Suicheng guild hall, "made in Baoyuan kiln" is clearly written, next to which is the shop number and address "Nan (Tujin) embankment Lu'an Street", and there is a craftsman's identity sign "Fanyi hetaozuo". Such a sign also appears on the tile ridge of Baoyuan kiln of the local Guangzhao guild hall
in Liu Menghan's view, this information is the heart of Shiwan craftsmen who do not forget their hometown. The ancestors of Shiwan people in Foshan left their feelings and thoughts for their hometown on the roof of the tall guild temple. Because of this, up to now, these architectural arts solidified on the tile ridge of the guild hall have become the best example to observe the technological and industrial output of Foshan on the maritime Silk Road, and also become the possibility for Foshan people who are wandering in foreign countries to miss and reconnect with their native culture
it is not only the tile ridge roof of Guangzhao guild hall and Suicheng guild hall "made in Foshan". Dr. Ma Sumei, an expert in ancient architecture research in Hong Kong, believes that "made in Foshan" has also undertaken to build Sanshan guild hall, which is located in the fifth County of Ho Chi Minh City and belongs to Fuzhou Gang, as well as Fu'an guild hall, Queen of heaven palace of Qifu, ancestral temple of ancestors, East Guangdong guild hall, etc., together with the tile ridge of Chen's Academy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which have become historical monuments to record Foshan's ancestors' brave foray into Nanyang
what cannot be ignored is the two couplets at the gate of the Suicheng guild hall in Vietnam: "the same consciousness at dusk and morning makes the toughening effect more obvious. The reconciliation of European style, Asian style and rain" is evident in the breadth of mind and vision of Guangfu people who go out of Nanyang. On the roof ridge of Suicheng guild hall, Shiwan potters even left the words "world reform" and "civilization and progress". Such a vision and breadth of mind have never been seen on the existing Shiwan tile ridge in China
from the details of the tile ridge characters, "banana cave", "the great seal of the six countries", "the romance of the Three Kingdoms"... These vivid history and Cantonese Opera stories are vividly displayed on the tile ridge of many halls in Vietnam. This kind of architectural decoration used to be placed on the roof of large public buildings, in order to adapt to people's perspective from bottom to top, the figures on the tile ridge have a moderate forward tilt, and the head proportion is appropriately enlarged. This combination of visual aesthetics in real life makes people feel cordial. During the hundred years of the reincarnation of time, the feelings of tile ridge designers remained the same, and the unique ingenuity of tile ridge craftsmen made subsequent admirers awed
set out to the sea and talk about the Foshan symbol of world history
the pointer of history turned back to one day in 1854, in front of the cemetery of Duke Chen in Qiting, Xiqiao, South China Sea, two brothers surnamed Chen kowtowed and knelt down. Then, they went to worship the earth God and the North emperor temple. The ceremony before leaving home and making a living abroad is a very grand event in the South China Sea. The older young man, Chen Qishu, has earned "the first bucket of gold" with the help of his local father-in-law, the Mai clan in Vietnam. This time, he will take his brother chenqiyuan with him. Before his brother Chen Qiyuan left, he brought a bookcase full of arithmetic books
for the first time, the ship sank when it arrived in Hainan; Then while studying mechanics, open a clock repair shop and run a grocery store at the same time; This is not enough. They also brought the transparent and cool fabric made in Foshan to Nanyang, specializing in dyed yarn and silk; This alone is not enough. In spring and summer, when the southeast wind is strong, we will transport Yunnan's rice, betel nuts, bird's nests and other local products back to the Pearl River Estuary in Guangzhou... The studious brothers spent ten years fighting in the sea of business and became giants in Guangdong street, Dyan, Vietnam. And their ideal of serving the country through industry can finally be realized
they are the chenqiyuan brothers who made their fortune in Vietnam. Later, they introduced the silk reeling factory to Xiqiao, Nanhai, their hometown, and became the founder of China's first mechanical silk reeling factory. Vietnamese Chinese Liu Jinzhong told that in order to commemorate the Foshan man, there are still Chen Qiyuan school and Chen Qiyuan street in Ho Chi Minh City. In fact, hundreds of years later, the industrial interaction between Foshan and the maritime Silk Road countries in history has taken on a new look again in the era of globalization, and this interaction seems to be familiar
in 2006, based on the successful marketing investment in Vietnam, in order to further expand the sales share of the Southeast Asian market, Midea Group invested 25million US dollars to build Midea Vietnam Industrial Park in Singapore Industrial Park, Pingyang Province, Vietnam, and established Midea household appliances (Vietnam) Co., Ltd., which mainly produces small household appliances such as rice cookers, induction cookers, electric kettles, etc. This project has become the first overseas investment and plant construction project of Midea Group. Guangdong Keda Jieneng Co., Ltd. settled in Vietnam earlier than Midea. Its first overseas ceramic line project was exported to Vietnam in 2002, becoming China's first exported ceramic line project
of course, it is not just ceramics. In the research of Zhang Xiaohui, a professor in the Department of history of Jinan University, during the early 10 years of the Republic of China, overseas Chinese "lived in Nanyang for several days. Most of the economic power of Nanyang islands now and in the future is in the hands of Chinese." Foshan people accurately grasp that Nanyang overseas Chinese inhabited area is the most important export market of Guangzhou goods, and the overseas Chinese are mostly Cantonese. They are fond of local products, and the export of Guangzhou goods for their consumption reaches hundreds of millions of yuan every year, which has a huge market potentialAccording to historical records, Nanyang was an agricultural society at that time, and all industrial products needed were imported from abroad, mainly gauze, cotton fabrics, hardware appliances, various utensils, food, etc., which were exactly the main product forms of industries and businesses in the towns of "provincial Buddha" where Guangzhou goods were concentrated. In addition, in recent years, some scholars have proposed that the printing industry and martial arts in Foshan also have a certain impact on Vietnam and other maritime Silk Road countries
Hu xiao'an, an associate professor of the school of Ethnology and sociology of Guangxi Minzu University, believes that in the mid-18th century, in addition to the transactions of rice grain, tin, zinc, lead and so on, book printing and trading followed. At that time, there was a saying "published in Guangdong, sold in Jiading". The printing and sales of Chinese books between Guangzhou, Foshan and Jiading, Vietnam were relatively prosperous at that time. At present, more than 30 kinds of Chinese printed ancient books, mainly popular literary works, can be seen in Vietnam, which are printed in Foshan
Cheng Yi, director of the exhibition and Publicity Department of Foshan Museum, who has studied Foshan woodcut New Year pictures for many years, believes that Vietnam purchased a large number of woodcut New Year pictures from Foshan in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, and the woodcut New Year pictures that flowed into Vietnam are called "Annan paintings" by the industry. According to historical records, "Annan painting" originated from a shop called "Yihe" in Yaqian street, Foshan during the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty. It is a wood block new year painting created by Pan Ruishi, a Qingyuan man. After the successful trial sale of this variety in Annan, Vietnam, pan Ruishi changed the store number to "Ji huazhai". The printmaking exported to Vietnam has no market in China and has no own name. Pan Ruishi and practitioners call it "Annan painting". Although it has only existed for more than 30 years, "Annan painting" has great influence overseas and is one of the representatives of Foshan woodblock New Year pictures' export products. Fengbingtang, the national intangible cultural heritage inheritor of Foshan woodcut New Year pictures, once said that all workshops in Foshan had done "Annan paintings" at that time. Because there was a great demand for "Annan paintings", each workshop would do it together before the Spring Festival every year. Whether ceramics, kungfu, Annan paintings, or schools and streets named after Chen Qiyuan, the inheritance code left by Foshan ancestors has become the historical symbol of today's Foshan on the "the Belt and Road"
Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI